This article analyzes the Trump administration’s introduction of some of the most stringent immigration restrictions in modern times, the often disparate fallout of the outbreak on immigrant communities, the status of … Labor shortages were also faced, solved by hiring thousands of Chinese immigrants, most of the laborers paid as little as $1 a day. Chinese and Irish immigrants were vital to the project. The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) was a rail company chartered by U.S. Congress in 1862 to build a railroad eastwards from Sacramento, California, to complete the western part of the "First Transcontinental Railroad" in North America.Incorporated in 1861, CPRR ceased operation in 1885 when it was acquired by Southern Pacific Railroad as a leased line. “Central Pacific Railroad–Chinese Laborers at Work” from Harper’s Weekly, Vol. When work on the Transcontinental Railroad began, neither Union Pacific nor Central Pacific wanted to hire these immigrants. XI, No. [20] By 1920, Japanese people represented 40% of Hawaii’s population. Most of the immigrant workers were Irish and known for their willingness to work, regardless of their compensation. 571, p. 772. This was due to the general prejudices of the time. The Central Pacific Railroad turned to Chinese immigrants, who had flocked to the U.S. as part of the gold rush. In late April 1869, the Central Pacific, with teams of Irish and Chinese workers, set a record for laying 10 … The Union Pacific officers were east coast based investors and they hired mostly Irish immigrants, freed African American former slaves, and civil war veterans. The global COVID-19 pandemic has brought into sharp focus the intersection of U.S. immigration and public health policy, and the unique challenges that immigrants face. The railway was built entirely by hand during a six-year period, with construction often continuing around the clock. The Pacific Coast and Hawaii were the most popular destinations for Japanese immigrants, [19] as Hawaii’s sugar plantations were a big draw. Over 10,000 Chinese immigrants did the hard work of preparing rail beds, laying tracking, digging tunnels, and constructing bridges. He was president of the Contract and Finance Company, which overseen the construction of the railroad. By the mid 1860s, however, the leaders of Central Pacific had realized that it was difficult … Laborers were accustomed to hard physical labor, long hours, and difficult working conditions. This huge influx of Irish into America can be greatly attributed to the amount of opportunity that was available in the U.S. during the 19th century. Most of the Chinese railroad workers dispersed after the transcontinental road was completed in 1869. Mr. Crocker assisted in organizing the Republican Party and was a supporter of Abraham Lincoln’s presidential campaign. He solved the problem of Central Pacific’s lack of laborers when he began to hire Chinese immigrants. In 1868, Chinese immigrants made up about 80 percent of the workforce of the Central Pacific … Between 1863 and 1869, as many as 20,000 Chinese workers helped build the treacherous western portion of the railroad, a winding ribbon of track known as the Central Pacific that began in Sacramento. Of the five million immigrants that came to the United States from 1815 to 1860, about 40 percent were Irish (O’Donnell). Start here for an understanding of the various legal ways to hire foreign-born workers for your business. Legal Pitfalls of Hiring Undocumented Immigrants U.S. law makes employers a central player in carrying out immigration restrictions; learn more about your role here. They were paid just $1 per day and worked 12-hour shifts, six days per week. The path to the Summit was hard-fought, perilous and competitive. 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